Which Statement Best Explains Why The Transcontinental Railroad Took Several Years To Build?

What was one benefit of the transcontinental railroad?

One benefit of the transcontinental railroad was that it eliminated many risks of traveling cross-country.

The Transcontinental Road was possible due to the Pacific Railroads Acts of 1862.

The government authorized the construction to two companies: the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific..

Which conditions made building the railroad difficult?

Building the transcontinental railroad was difficult because tracks were laid across 1,700 miles of rugged plains in hot and cold conditions. He led the Seventh Calvary.

Why was Whitney’s railroad not built?

Whitney’s proposed route from Lake Michigan through South Pass to the Pacific was not accepted mainly because of the growing sectionalism before the Civil War. He also presented to the British in 1851 an unsuccessful plan for a Canadian transcontinental railroad.

When was the transcontinental railroad built timeline?

In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act, which authorized the construction of a transcontinental railroad. The first such railroad was completed on May 10, 1869. By 1900, four additional transcontinental railroads connected the eastern states with the Pacific Coast.

How many died building transcontinental railroad?

1,200 deathsWhile canal projects did have the highest death totals, railway projects were probably the most dangerous recording over 100,000 deaths on just two projects — The Transcontinental Railroad with 1,200 deaths, although this number has never been verified, and the Burma-Siam Railway with 106,000 construction worker deaths …

What were the long term effects of the transcontinental railroad?

Within ten years of its completion, the railroad shipped $50 million worth of freight coast to coast every year. Just as it opened the markets of the west coast and Asia to the east, it brought products of eastern industry to the growing populace beyond the Mississippi.

Who helped build the transcontinental railroad?

One hundred and fifty years ago on May 10, 1869, university founder Leland Stanford drove the last spike that marked the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad.

What was the main reason for building the transcontinental railroad?

The transcontinental railroad was built to open up the interior and allow settlement in these areas, to make rural and unexplored areas accessible, and to ease the transportation of both goods and passengers from one area to another.

Which was the most serious obstacle to building a transcontinental railroad?

While a shopkeeper by trade, Strong was known around the area as an expert on the terrain of the Sierra Nevada mountains. Judah needed someone who could function on land like a harbor pilot might on the water because the Sierra Nevada loomed as the greatest obstacle to building the transcontinental railroad.

How did the government pay the builders of the railroad?

In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act, which authorized the construction of a transcontinental railroad. … Four of the five transcontinental railroads were built with assistance from the federal government through land grants.

What were the two companies that built the railroad?

The rail line, also called the Great Transcontinental Railroad and later the “Overland Route,” was predominantly built by the Central Pacific Railroad Company of California (CPRR) and Union Pacific (with some contribution by the Western Pacific Railroad Company) over public lands provided by extensive US land grants.

What did the Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 do quizlet?

Passed by Congress in 1862, this law distributed millions of acres of western lands to state governments in order to fund state agricultural colleges. … It was signed into law by Harrison and was extensively used by Theodore Roosevelt for trust-busting.

Why did speculators want the lands and farms of Native American tribes?

Indian sympathizers believed that the land allocations would make families self-supporting and create pride of ownership. Much of the reservation land wasn’t suitable for farming. Some Native Americans had no interest or experience in agriculture. Some sold their land to speculators or were swindled out of it.

Why was the transcontinental railroad built quizlet?

The Transcontinental Railroad made it so that it was easier to for mail and goods to travel faster and cheaper. It took land away from Native Americans and many were killed in the early stages. … With this act the railroads became the first industry subject to Federal regulation.

What were the positive and negative effects of the transcontinental railroad?

The completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 had a huge impact on the West. … The railroad also gave homesteaders greater access to manufactured goods, as they could be transported easily and quickly across the railway. However, the Transcontinental Railroad had a negative impact on the Plains Indians.

How were the railroad companies paid?

In most cases, a contract for construction of a given amount of mileage would be made between the railroad and some individual, who then assigned it to the construction company. Payment for completed sections of track went to the railroad, which used the funds to pay its bills to the contractors.

How did the completion of the transcontinental railroad change lives of American citizens?

The railroad increased commerce by making shipping easier and cheaper. How did the completion of the transcontinental railroad change the lives of American citizens? It shortened travel time between the East and West for all Americans. Due to the railroads, American settlers were able to travel west in larger numbers.

Does the original transcontinental railroad still exist?

Today, most of the transcontinental railroad line is still in operation by the Union Pacific (yes, the same railroad that built it 150 years ago). … Track has been reinstalled on some of the ROW around the Promontory National Historic Site.